004 - Desert Landforms

Factual Question

What landforms can be found in desert regions?
How are desert landforms created?

Key Terminology

  • Weathering
  • Erosion
  • Aeolian
  • Transportation
  • Deposition
Define the words above using a dictionary.



Activity One - Mix and Match

  1. Using wikipedia draw a diagram to show how the wind can transport the sand in a desert.
  2. The table below describes different types of landforms found in a desert. The descriptions and diagrams do not match and it is your task to sort them out. Draw out the table, copy the descriptions and then draw the matching diagram. 
 DESCRIPTION DIAGRAM
 



A - Long, narrow dune deposited when a prevailing (dominant) wind is interrupted by a strong cross wind.
 1 - Zeugen (mushroom rock)
Mushroom Rock
 



B - Isolated hills of resistant rock worn back by a strong cross wind. One is taller than it is wide and the other is wider than it is tall.
 2 - BarchanBarchan
 






C - An extremely hard, smooth rock left standing like a soldier on duty, after being abraded by the wind.
 3 - Linear Dune
Linear Dune
 






D - A deposition of material at the base of a mountain which has been washed down by storms.
 4 - Yardang
Yardang
 



E - Crescent (moon) shaped dune deposited when the wind blows steadily in one direction.
 5 - Inselberg
Inselberg
 






F - Rock undercut at its base by strong winds carrying grains of sand.
 6 - Wadi
Wadi
 





G - Fantastically carved rock of varying hardness, eroded by the wind.
 7 - Mesa and Buttes
Mesa and Butte
 





H - A dry river bed, as water only flows here during flash floods (a sudden and often short storm).
 8 - Pediment
Pediment


Resources